The Prime Minister is the leader of Her Majesty’s Government and is ultimately responsible for the policy and decisions of the government. As leader of the UK government, the Prime Minister also:
As Minister for the Union, the Prime Minister works to ensure that all the government is acting on behalf of the entire United Kingdom: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. Cabinet Office and Prime Minister’s Office, 10 Downing Street
First Lord of the Treasury
The First Lord of the Treasury is one of the Lords Commissioners of the Treasury. This role is usually held by the Prime Minister. Since the 17th century, the Lords Commissioners of the Treasury have collectively carried out duties that were previously held by the Lord High Treasurer (head of Her Majesty’s Treasury). The Lords Commissioners of the Treasury also include:
10 Downing Street is the official residence of the First Lord of the Treasury, and not of the Prime Minister. More about this role
Minister for the Civil Service
The Minister for the Civil Service is responsible for regulating the Civil Service. The Civil Service (Management Functions) Act of 1992, allows the Minister for the Civil Service to delegate power to other ministers and devolved administrations. This role was created in 1968 and is always held by the Prime Minister. More about this role Cabinet Office
Minister for the Union
As Minister for the Union, the Prime Minister works to ensure that all of the government is acting on behalf of the entire United Kingdom: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales.
10 Downing Street, London, UK
10 Downing Street, Office of The Rt Hon Liz Truss Prime Minister also known colloquially in the United Kingdom simply as Number 10, is the headquarters of the Government of the United Kingdom and the official residence and office of the First Lord of the Treasury, a post which, for much of the 18th and 19th centuries and invariably since 1905, has been held by the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
Introduction – by Sir Anthony Seldon
10 Downing Street, the locale of British prime ministers since 1735, vies with the White House as being the most important political building anywhere in the world in the modern era. Behind its black door have been taken the most important decisions affecting Britain for the last 275 years. In the 20th century alone, the First and Second World Wars were directed from within it, as were the key decisions about the end of the empire, the building of the British nuclear bomb, the handling of economic crises from the Great Depression in 1929 to the great recession, and the building up of the welfare state.
Some of the most famous political figures of modern history have lived and worked in Number 10, including Robert Walpole, Pitt the Younger, Benjamin Disraeli, William Gladstone, David Lloyd George, Winston Churchill and Margaret Thatcher. Number 10 has 3 overlapping functions. It is the official residence of the British Prime Minister: it is their office, and it is also the place where the Prime Minister entertains guests from Her Majesty The Queen to presidents of the United States and other world leaders. The Prime Minister hosts countless receptions and events for a whole range of British and overseas guests, with charitable receptions high up the list.
The building is much larger than it appears from its frontage. The hall with the chequered floor immediately behind the front door lets on to a warren of rooms and staircases. The house in Downing Street was joined to a more spacious and elegant building behind it in the early 18th century. Number 10 has also spread itself out to the left of the front door, and has taken over much of 12 Downing Street, which is accessed by a corridor that runs through 11 Downing Street – the official residence of the Chancellor of the Exchequer.