Madeleine, in full Church of St. Mary Magdalene, English Church of St. Mary Magdalene, Paris church designed by Pierre-Alexandre Vignon in 1806. Together with the Arc de Triomphe (1806-08 and the Vendome Column, the Madeleine is one of the monuments with which Napoleon seeks to turn Paris into an imperial capital.
In the form of a Roman temple surrounded by a Corinthian colonnade, the Madeleine reflects the taste for Classical art and architecture that predominated in France during the Empire phase of the Neoclassical movement.
Napoleon had ordered its design and construction, originally intending the building to be a temple of glory celebrating his Great Army. This commemorative role, however, was assumed instead by the Arc de Triomphe, and in 1816 the Madeleine was made by the Bourbon regime. Its interior, completed 1828-42 under the supervision of Jean-Jacques Huvé, was modeled on the Roman baths.