Temple of Venus and Rome
Emperor Hadrian-designed hilltop temple complex museum used for occasional public events. The Temple of Venus and Roma is thought to have been the largest temple in Ancient Rome. Located on the Velian Hill, between the eastern edge of the Forum Romanum and the Colosseum, in Rome, it was dedicated to the goddesses Venus Felix and Roma Aeterna
The Temple of Venus and Rome, with its dual dedication and monumental design, was a notable addition to the city’s religious and architectural landscape during the Roman Imperial period.
The Temple of Venus and Rome was an ancient Roman temple located on the Velian Hill between the Roman Forum and the Colosseum in Rome. Here are some key details about the Temple of Venus and Rome:
- Construction: The construction of the Temple of Venus and Rome was initiated by the Roman Emperor Hadrian in the 2nd century AD. The temple was completed around AD 141 during the reign of Antoninus Pius.
- Dedication: The temple was dedicated to the goddess Venus Felix (Venus the Bringer of Good Fortune) and the personification of the city of Rome. This dual dedication was intended to symbolize the unity and harmony between the goddess associated with love and good fortune and the city itself.
- Architectural Design: The Temple of Venus and Rome was renowned for its distinctive architectural design. It had a double cella, meaning it had two main chambers, each dedicated to one of the goddesses. The temple was raised on a high platform and had a large staircase leading to its entrance.
- Size and Grandeur: The temple was one of the largest in ancient Rome, emphasizing its importance. It measured approximately 110 meters in length and 53 meters in width.
- Central Location: Its strategic location on the Velian Hill allowed for a commanding view of the Roman Forum and the Colosseum, contributing to the grandeur of the city’s architectural ensemble.
- Restorations and Modifications: Like many ancient structures, the Temple of Venus and Rome underwent various restorations and modifications over the centuries. However, it suffered significant damage in a fire in AD 307 and was later partially dismantled.
- Current State: Today, only a few fragments and ruins of the Temple of Venus and Rome remain. Visitors to the Roman Forum can see the remnants of its once-imposing structure, providing insight into the architectural achievements of ancient Rome.