Shaftesbury Avenue is a major road in the West End of London, named after The 7th Earl of Shaftesbury. It runs north-easterly from Piccadilly Circus to New Oxford Street, crossing Charing Cross Road at Cambridge Circus
Shaftesbury Avenue was built between 1877 and 1886 by the architect George Vulliamy and the engineer Sir Joseph Bazalgette, to provide a north-south traffic artery through the crowded districts of St. Giles and Soho. It was also part of a slum clearance measure, to push impoverished workers out of the city centre.
Shaftesbury Ave. is a high traffic, high action thoroughfare. Its heart cuts through Chinatown near Leicester Square, through Theaterland and into Covent Garden. It is a main Soho artery for both pedestrians and vehicles.