Salses Fortress, Salses-le-Château, Languedoc-Roussillon, France 

A lock between Catalonia and France. Built in the late fifteenth century by Francisco Ramiro Lopez, great Spanish architect at the location of sources very useful in case of siege, the building keeps the old border. Besieged, taken and resumed in 1503, 1639, 1640, the place was definitely conquered by the French in 1642. The treaty of the Pyrenees of 1659 redraws the territories: less strategic, the fortress then loses its importance. From 1691, it is partially restored by Vauban.

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