National Museum of the Archaeology, Anthropology, and History of Peru, Lima

The National Museum of Archaeology, Anthropology, and History of Peru is the country’s first and largest state museum. The assembly of a national collection of artifacts began in the second quarter of the 19th century, though it lacked a permanent home. Much of it was plundered during the War of the Pacific. In 1905 the National History Museum was housed in Lima’s Exhibition Palace. The National Museum of Anthropology and Archaeology was established in 1945, and in 1992 the National Museum of Anthropology and Archaeology merged with the National History Museum to form The National Museum of Anthropology, Archaeology, and History of Peru.

The museum offers a comprehensive overview of Peru’s cultural history, from prehistoric times to the present day. The museum also serves as the administrative centre of the National System of State Museums. Since its inception, the museum not only has showcased significant archaeological finds but has served as a locus of research and study. The permanent collection includes tens of thousands of ceramic, textile, stone, metal, and wood objects, tools, and technologies. It also contains more than 2,000 musical instruments and the remains of ancient humans. The latter range from burial bundles and skulls to complete skeletons, some of which date to 10,000 BC.

Peru Culture Route 2020 © Simon & Monika Newbound

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