National Museum of Anthropology

The National Museum of Anthropology is a national museum of Spain, located in Madrid near the Parque del Buen Retiro and opposite Atocha railway and metro station. It is considered the oldest anthropology museum in Spain, formally inaugurated on April 29, 1875, during the reign of Alfonso XII.

The National Museum of Anthropology was the first museum dedicated to this science that was created in Spain. Its foundation was due to the personal initiative of the Segovian doctor Pedro González Velasco. It was inaugurated in 1875 by King Alfonso XII as an Anatomical or Anthropological Museum. If you come to the museum, be sure to visit the room that pays permanent homage to that fascinating era. Later the museum passed, already as a public institution, to depend on the old Cabinet of Natural History, converted into the National Museum of Natural Sciences; and then, like this one, of the Higher Council for Scientific Research, under the name, first, of Museum of Anthropology, Ethnography and Prehistory, then of National Museum of Ethnology, becoming a museum dedicated exclusively to cultural anthropology.

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