Monument to Victor Emmanuel II

Grand marble neoclassical temple honoring Italy’s first king & First World War soldiers. The Monument to Victor Emmanuel II, known by the Venetians simply as the monument, located in Riva degli Schiavoni, in Castello, Venice, Italy. It is an equestrian statue made in 1887 by the Roman sculptor Ettore Ferrari.

The Victor Emmanuel II National Monument, also known as the Vittoriano or Altare della Patria, is a large national monument built between 1885 and 1935 to honour Victor Emmanuel II, the first king of a unified Italy, in Rome, Italy. It occupies a site between the Piazza Venezia and the Capitoline Hill.

The Monument to Victor Emmanuel II is both a symbol of national pride and a significant architectural landmark in Rome. While opinions about its architectural style may vary, it remains a central and recognizable feature of the cityscape.

Commonly known as the Altare della Patria (Altar of the Fatherland) or Il Vittoriano, is a grandiose national monument located in Rome, Italy. Here are key details about this iconic monument:

  1. Location:
    • The Monument to Victor Emmanuel II is situated in Piazza Venezia, one of the central squares in Rome. It occupies a prominent position at the foot of the Capitoline Hill.
  2. Construction Period:
    • Construction of the monument began in 1885 and was completed in 1925. It was inaugurated in honor of Victor Emmanuel II, the first king of a unified Italy.
  3. Architectural Design:
    • The monument was designed by the architect Giuseppe Sacconi. It is a massive white marble structure with a neoclassical and eclectic architectural style. The design incorporates various classical elements, including columns, statues, and reliefs.
  4. Dedication to Victor Emmanuel II:
    • Victor Emmanuel II was a key figure in the unification of Italy in the 19th century. The monument is dedicated to him in recognition of his role in the establishment of the Kingdom of Italy in 1861.
  5. Symbolism:
    • The Altare della Patria symbolizes the unity and strength of the Italian nation. It also serves as a memorial to Italian soldiers who lost their lives in various wars.
  6. Statue of Victor Emmanuel II:
    • At the center of the monument, there is a colossal equestrian statue of Victor Emmanuel II. The statue is flanked by two allegorical figures representing Unity and Liberty.
  7. Tomb of the Unknown Soldier:
    • The monument houses the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, a memorial dedicated to the unidentified soldiers who lost their lives in World War I. The eternal flame at the tomb symbolizes the memory of all soldiers who died in service to Italy.
  8. Stairs and Terraces:
    • Visitors can climb a series of stairs to reach the terraces of the monument, offering panoramic views of Rome. The central terrace provides a stunning vista of the Roman Forum and the Colosseum.
  9. Museo Centrale del Risorgimento:
    • The monument houses the Museo Centrale del Risorgimento (Central Museum of the Risorgimento), which displays artifacts and exhibits related to the Italian unification movement.
  10. Controversy:
    • The monument has been the subject of controversy and criticism for its scale and architectural style, which some find incompatible with the historic surroundings of Rome.


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