Imam Al-Mahdi Tomb, Omdurmán, Sudan
Al-Mahdī, original name Muḥammad Aḥmad ibn al-Sayyid ʿAbd Allāh, creator of a vast Islamic state extending from the Red Sea to Central Africa and founder of a movement that remained influential in Sudan a century later. As a youth he moved from orthodox religious study to a mystical interpretation of Islam. In 1881 he proclaimed his divine mission to purify Islam and the governments that defiled it. His extensive campaign culminated in the capture of Khartoum. He then established a theocratic state in the Sudan, with its capital at Omdurman.
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