Holy Trinity Trifonov Pechenga Monastery, Murmanskaya oblast’, Russia
Founded in 1533, repeatedly ruined and burned. After the last fire (2007), began the restoration of the monastery on the site of its original location in the village Luostari (in Finnish – monastery). The monastery is built entirely of wood, according to old Russian traditions.
The Pechenga Monastery was for many centuries the northernmost monastery in the world. It was founded in 1533 at the influx of the Pechenga River into the Barents Sea, 135 km west of modern Murmansk, by St. Tryphon, a monk from Novgorod.
Inspired by the model of the Solovki, Tryphon wished to convert the local Skolts to Christianity and to demonstrate how faith could flourish in the most inhospitable lands. His example was eagerly followed by other Russian monks. By 1572, the Pechenga Monastery counted about 50 brethren and 200 lay followers.
Six years after St. Tryphon’s death in 1583, the wooden monastery was raided and burnt down by the Swedes. It is said that the raid claimed the lives of 51 monks and 65 lay brothers, bringing the history of Tryphon’s establishment to an end. This revenge raid was carried out by a Finnish peasant chief Pekka Antinpoika Vesainen on December 25, 1589, and was part of the Russo-Swedish War of 1590-1595.
Epic Russia Culture & Adventure Route © Monika Newbound