Founded, according to legend, by Romulus and Remus in 753 BC, Rome was first the centre of the Roman Republic, then of the Roman Empire, and it became the capital of the Christian world in the 4th century. The World Heritage site, extended in 1990 to the walls of Urban VIII, includes some of the major monuments of antiquity such as the Forums, the Mausoleum of Augustus, the Mausoleum of Hadrian, the Pantheon, Trajan’s Column and the Column of Marcus Aurelius, as well as the religious and public buildings of papal Rome.
The Historic Centre of Rome, a UNESCO World Heritage site, encapsulates over 2,500 years of history and stands as a testament to the evolution of Western civilization. Anchored by iconic landmarks, including the Colosseum, Roman Forum, and Pantheon, this center is a treasure trove of ancient Roman architecture and engineering. The Vatican City, an independent enclave within Rome, hosts St. Peter’s Basilica and the Sistine Chapel, adorned with Michelangelo’s masterpieces. Quaint cobblestone streets weave through charming neighborhoods like Trastevere, while grand piazzas such as Piazza Navona and the Spanish Steps invite leisurely strolls. The Tiber River flows through the heart of the city, connecting historic bridges like Ponte Sant’Angelo. With its rich cultural heritage, religious significance, and vibrant atmosphere, the Historic Centre of Rome remains an unparalleled destination, drawing millions of visitors each year to experience the timeless allure of the Eternal City.