Cuenca Alta del Manzanares Regional Park
To the northwest of the city of Madrid we find the oldest protected area in the Community and one of the most emblematic of the Madrid mountains. A large natural reserve that constitutes the green corridor that joins the limits of the urban complex of Madrid with the Sierra del Guadarrama.
The landscape variety offered by the Cuenca Alta del Manzanares Regional Park is closely linked to the traditional uses that have been developed, and continue to be carried out, in the region in which it is located. Pastoral activity in ash and holm oak pastures and the extraction of firewood and charcoal have been very important in the traditional economy of the area, as well as a human element with great influence on the current configuration of the landscape.
The harmony achieved between the development of local populations and the conservation of the natural environment led to the fact that in 1992 this Regional Park became part of the International Network of Biosphere Reserves . The main interests for its conservation are the presence of endangered species, proximity to a large urban nucleus, the existence of traditional agrosystems and unique representative landscapes.